Directions for next 4 Verbal Questions for CAT: For each verbal question in this section, select the best of the answer choices given.
1. According to a recent study, attending a single sex high school aids an adolescent’s physical growth. Cited as evidence is the finding that during the first two years of high school, the average boy in an all-boys school grew five inches, and the average girl in an all-girls school grew four inches.
The answer to which of the following questions is needed in order to evaluate the reasoning presented in the study?
(A) Why was it that the first two years of high school were chosen as the focus of the study?
(B) Did some of the boys in the study grow less than five inches while they were in high school?
(C) How much do the average male student and the average female student in a coeducational school grow during their first two years of high school?
(D) Did the girls in the study have as nutritious a diet as the boys during the time the study was being conducted?
2. Archaeologists have discovered various paintings on the walls and ceiling of a Chinese cave whose entrance was blocked by a volcanic eruption in the 25th century B.C. and only recently cleared by an earthquake. Since the paintings depict warriors using Type C bronze weapons, these archaeologists have concluded that Type C bronze weapons were already widely used in this area by 2500 B.C., far earlier than was previously believed.
Which of the following pieces of additional evidence would most seriously weaken the archaeologists’ conclusion?
(A) Another entrance to the cave remained clear until a second volcanic eruption 1,000 years after the first.
(B) Archaeologists have evidence that Type C bronze weapons were in wide use in areas of present-day India as early as 2500 B.C.
(C) Alternative methods of dating place the time of the volcanic eruption somewhat earlier, at around 3000 B.C.
(D) Most experts believe that Type C bronze weapons were not in use anywhere in present-day China until 2000 B.C.
3. U.S. officials complain that the country’s trade deficit with Japan is due to the fact that Japan’s markets are not open enough to imports and investment. Japanese officials reply that the United States should concentrate on improving its school systems and investing more money in scientific research and worker training. It can be inferred from the statements above that the Japanese officials most probably hold which of the following opinions?
(A) The United States should open its own markets to more imports and investment.
(B) The trade deficit between the United States and Japan is more the result of poor American industrial performance than Japan’s import restrictions.
(C) The trade deficit between the United States and Japan is a result of Japan’s closed markets.
(D) U.S. school systems foster a mistrust of Japan that prevents U.S. businesspeople from negotiating intelligently with Japan.
4. The Kapoor Meatworks has a virtual monopoly on expensive, gourmet delicacies. In order to expand their market, they intend to offer a budget line of less costly delicacies. Such a product is virtually unknown, and they realize that its success depends upon a heavy advertising campaign. They have decided to finance the advertising with the profits from their gourmet line.
Which of the following, assuming each is a realistic possibility, would pose the most serious obstacle to the Kapoor Meatworks’ project?
(A) The introduction of a budget line of delicacies completely undercuts the sales of the gourmet line.
(B) At the start, the company spends more on advertising than it makes from sales of the budget line delicacies.
(C) When the budget line delicacies grow in popularity, competitors enter the budget delicacies market and Kapoor does not have a monopoly in that market.
(D) Many of the consumers who purchase the budget line are tempted to try the delicacies offered in the gourmet line.